Introduction: Cyclone “Biparjoy,” a severe cyclonic storm, is forecasted to make landfall between Kutch, Gujarat, and Karachi in Pakistan. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has reported the formation of a depression in the southeast Arabian Sea, south of Porbandar in Gujarat. It is projected that this weather system will track northwestward, gain strength, and potentially intensify into a cyclonic cyclone.
Cyclone Biparjoy’s Location and Intensity: As of June 13, Cyclone Biparjoy is situated approximately 900 kilometers southwest of Mumbai and 850 kilometers west of Goa. Over the next three days, it is expected to intensify, reaching the status of a very severe cyclonic storm.
Anticipated Impact: Squalls with wind gusts of 35 to 45 km/h are expected along the coastlines of Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra. However, the IMD has not yet forecasted significant effects on the nations bordering the Arabian Sea, including India, Oman, Iran, and Pakistan.
Meaning of Cyclone Biparjoy: The name “Biparjoy” was given to the tropical cyclone by Bangladesh, which means “calamity” or “disaster” in Bengali. This naming practice facilitates the identification and monitoring of cyclones, improving preparedness and communication during severe weather events. The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) nations selected this term for tropical storms in the North Indian Ocean, encompassing the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, in 2020.
Projected Route: Cyclone Biparjoy is expected to move towards Pakistan, with its closest approach to Gujarat on June 10, causing some effects in the region. The direct landfall in Pakistan is predicted to occur on June 12. While Gujarat may not be directly impacted by the cyclone, the state will experience rainfall and noticeable environmental changes in the North Gujarat’s Saurashtra area.
Current Status and Preparations: Chief Minister Bhupendra Patel of Gujarat reviewed the state’s preparedness for Cyclone Biparjoy at the State Emergency Operation Centre in Gandhinagar. Western Railway suspended several trains between Gujarat and Mumbai due to the cyclone. Extensive evacuation efforts have been undertaken in the coastal districts of Saurashtra and Kutch, with over 37,800 residents living near the sea already evacuated. The state government aims to evacuate everyone within 10 kilometers of the shoreline.
Most Affected Region: The Gujarat coast faces a significant threat from Cyclone Biparjoy, with wind gusts reaching up to 150 km/h and maximum sustained winds of 125–135 km/h. Concerns are particularly raised for this region, as the cyclone intensifies into a very severe cyclonic storm over the east central Arabian Sea. Severe winds are also expected in the coastal regions of Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra.